Table 2

A list of common conditions and patient groups who have an increased risk of developing iron deficiency anaemia

BackgroundCause of iron deficiency anaemiaCause of blood lossRecommended route of iron replacement
Congestive cardiac ailurePoor nutrition
Decreased GI absorption
Antiplatelet and/or anticoagulant useIntravenous
Chronic kidney diseaseDialysis and frequent blood samplingIntravenous
Inflammatory bowel diseaseChronically inflamed and ulcerated bowelIntravenous
ElderlyMedications (antiplatelet, anticoagulant, anti-inflammatories, anti-depressants)Oral
MalignancyPoor nutrition
Loss of healthy blood cells
Damage to the bone marrow
Bleeding tumourIntravenous
SurgeryDependent on cause for surgery requirementExcessive bleeding either pre and/or post-operativelyIntravenous or oral
PregnancyPoor nutrition
Increased iron demands to mother and fetus
Intravenous or oral
  • The cause for iron deficiency anaemia, including causes for increased blood loss, and the recommended route of iron replacement are listed.