Table 2

Autopsy studies of alcohol-induced acute esophageal necrosis

StudyYearAgeSexPredisposing factorsAutopsy findingsCause of death
Kerschen et al17202037MaleAlcohol abuseBlack esophagus from the middle to lower part with bloody fluid.Hemorrhagic shock from necrosis of esophageal mucosa.
Kerschen et al17202038MaleAlcohol abuseBlack esophagus in the distal third part with bloody fluid.Hemorrhagic shock from necrosis of esophageal mucosa.
Keresztesi et al18201664MaleAlcohol abuse, diabetes mellitusBlack esophagus in the middle part.Cardiac arrest.
Živkovic and Nikolić19201361MaleAlcohol abuse, cirrhosisBlack esophagus with Wischnewski spots (red brownish erosions).Hemorrhagic shock from necrosis of esophageal mucosa.
Unuma et al212011ElderlyMaleAlcohol abuseBlack esophagus with denuded mucosa and blood fluid.Undetermined.
Tsokos and Herbst20200543MaleAlcohol abuseBlack esophagus with 850 mL of bloody fluid.Hemorrhagic shock from necrosis of esophageal mucosa.
Tsokos and Herbst20200546MaleAlcohol abuse, epilepsyBlack esophagus with 60 mL of bloody fluid.Not available.
Tsokos and Herbst20200559MaleAlcohol abuseBlack esophagus with 650 mL of bloody fluid.Hypothermia.
Tsokos and Herbst20200559FemaleAlcohol abuse, cirrhosisBlack esophagus with 1200 mL of bloody fluid.Hemorrhagic shock from necrosis of esophageal mucosa.