Table 1

Socioeconomic data with univariate dyspepsia risk factors (SF-LDQ)

VariableProportion with dyspepsia (n/total (%))ORSEP value95% CI
Age
 ≤3087/661 (13.2)1.0030.0050.580.989 to 1.018
 31–45105/730 (14.4)
 ≥4591/609 (14.9)
Gender
 Male79/832 (9.5)
 Female204/1168 (17.5)2.0170.160.001*1.618 to 2.514
Profession
 Unemployed20/135 (14.8)
 Farmer209/1350 (15.5)0.9790.3090.950.408 to 2.351
 Student17/123 (13.8)0.8570.2970.680.327 to 2.246
 Private sector26/253 (10.3)0.6120.170.1520.283 to 1.323
 Public sector5/109 (4.6)0.2570.0810.012*0.107 to 0.615
Socioeconomic status
 Category 144/221 (19.9)
 Category 2165/1230 (13.4)0.6230.1030.045*0.395 to 0.985
 Category 372/541 (13.3)0.6180.2040.2190.246 to 1.548
 Category 42/8 (25.0)1.3410.5240.4950.453 to 3.968
Marital status
 Single54/391 (13.8)
 Married191/1387 (13.8)0.9970.1240.980.705 to 1.409
 Divorced3/20 (15.0)1.1010.4040.8050.398 to 3.047
 Widow35/202 (17.3)1.3080.4710.4980.481 to 3.556
Having children
 Has children224/1554 (14.4)
 No children59/446 (13.2)0.9050.0740.2920.721 to 1.137
Smoking
 Never211/1600 (13.8)
 In the past39/222 (17.6)1.4030.2820.1670.803 to 2.451
 Currently31/173 (17.9)1.4370.2360.0910.912 to 2.265
NSAID use
 Never104/738 (14.1)
 In the past149/1164 (12.8)0.8950.1660.5810.535 to 1.497
 Currently27/81 (33.3)3.0481.2170.049*1.006 to 9.233
Aspirin use
 Never114/963 (10.6)
 In the past136/681 (16.7)1.6870.1730.007*1.27 to 2.241
 Currently25/59 (29.8)3.5790.6480.002*2.166 to 5.916
Alcohol use
 Never70/590 (11.9)
 In the past84/415 (20.2)1.8850.1250.001*1.569 to 2.265
 Currently128/990 (12.9)1.1030.1570.5280.743 to 1.637
  • *Denotes a significant value with p<0.05.

  • NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; SF-LDQ, Short Form Leeds Dyspepsia Questionnaire.