Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the study participants

Control arm (n=151)PEP arm (n=149)P value
Age (y), mean+SD57.6+15.758.0+13.60.889
Gender, male, n (%)82 (54)81 (54)0.992
BMI (kg/m2)24+3.124+3.20.637
Education level, n (%)
 Primary school46 (30.5)29 (19.5)0.076
 Secondary school68 (45.0)82 (55.0)
 Tertiary studies37 (24.5)38 (25.5)
Colonoscopy indication, n (%)
 Screening58 (38.7)60 (51.2)0.842
 Symptoms93 (61.3)89 (48.8)
Comorbidities, n (%)
 Cardiovascular disease63 (41.7)77 (51.7)0.084
 Endocrinology42 (27.8)45 (30.2)
 Others46 (30.5)27 (18.1)
Constipation, n (%)9 (6.0)13 (8.8)0.057
Types of medications, n (%)
 Hypomotility29 (19.2)37 (24.8)0.239
 Non-hypomotility122 (80.8)112 (75.2)
  • BMI, body mass index; PEP, patient educational package.