Table 1

Basic characteristics of alcohol drinkers

Male drinkersFemale drinkers
CharacteristicPastCurrentP valuePastCurrentP value
28354630156
Fatty liver, % (n)22.3% (63)36.6% (200)<0.00113.3% (4)14.7% (23)1
Diabetes, % (n)14.5% (41)12.1% (66)0.3313.3% (4)3.8% (6)0.058
High BMI, % (n)24.7% (70)25.1% (137)0.9313.3% (4)12.8% (20)1
High blood pressure, % (n)48.4% (137)58.4% (319)0.00633.3% (10)25% (39)0.37
High blood glucose, % (n)18% (51)28.9% (158)0.00110% (3)12.2% (19)1
High triglycerides, % (n)43.8% (124)23.8% (130)<0.00126.7% (8)6.4% (10)0.003
Low HDL cholesterol, % (n)25.1% (71)4.9% (27)<0.00126.7% (8)3.8% (6)<0.001
Exerciser, % (n)14.8% (42)22.8% (124)0.00813.3% (4)18.8% (29)0.61
Never smoker, % (n)12.1% (34)11.5% (61)<0.00150% (14)39.6% (61)0.19
Ex-smoker, % (n)21.8% (61)45.3% (241)14.3% (4)31.2% (48)
Current smoker, % (n)66.1% (185)43.2% (230)35.7% (10)29.2% (45)
Autonomous examinees, % (n)19.4% (55)19.2% (105)1.0040% (12)21.2% (33)0.036
Age (years)48 (39.5–55.0)54 (47.5–59.0)<0.00146 (38.0–53.5)47 (40.0–52.0)0.55
BMI (kg/m2)25 (23.4–27.4)24.9 (23.4–27.0)0.1621.3 (19.8–24.1)20.8 (19.4–23.5)0.86
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)136 (125.0–148.8)130.5 (121.8–138.3)0.013112.5 (107.0–140.0)113.8 (106.0–127.1)0.29
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)86 (79.3–96.3)83 (77.0–91.0)0.00769.5 (67.3–87.0)71.5 (63.0–78.5)0.15
Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)98 (91.0–110.5)107 (100.0–119.0)<0.00192 (84.0–96.5)95 (90.0–102.0)0.75
HbA1c (%)5.9 (5.6–6.2)5.4 (5.25–5.8)<0.0015.6 (5.0–6.05)5.2 (5.0–5.4)0.029
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)223 (187.5–245.5)203 (184.5–228.5)0.046199 (175.5–236.5)203 (181.0–235.3)0.71
Triglycerides (mg/dL)173 (112.0–290.5)118 (75.5–179.0)<0.001110 (66.0–165.5)58 (40.0–93.3)0.01
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)44.3 (35.9–53.6)56 (47.5–68.0)<0.00162 (49.6–74.1)82 (67.0–99.0)<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)132.9 (98.1–156.7)119.2 (98.8–141.7)0.72111.3 (85.2–145.7)102 (82.8–133.5)0.16
Non-HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)173 (145.6–200.5)144 (124.5–170.5)<0.001132.2 (107.2–170.5)114.5 (96.8–152.5)0.013
AST (IU/L)28 (23.0–35.5)23 (18.0–33.0)0.02619 (17.0–21.5)15 (12.0–19.3)0.03
ALT (IU/L)28 (20.0–43.0)26 (18.5–36.5)0.6512 (8.0–20.0)12 (9.75–16.0)0.45
GGT (IU/L)104 (67.5–170.5)53 (33.0–89.5)<0.00129 (16.5–55.5)18 (13.8–26.0)0.096
Alb (g/dL)4.6 (4.4–4.8)4.3 (4.1–4.5)<0.0014.3 (4.15–4.45)4.2 (4.0–4.3)0.012
Platelet (103/mL)21.7 (19.1–25.2)22 (19.3–26.3)0.7726.4 (22.3–30.3)24.3 (20.4–27.6)0.039
FIB4 index1.19 (0.79–1.48)1.11 (0.83–1.52)0.160.94 (0.81–1.24)0.85 (0.63–1.16)0.16
NAFLD fibrosis score−1.93 (−2.93 to −0.84)−1.66 (−2.49 to −0.73)0.15−2.22 (−2.91 to −1.92)−2.36 (−3.1 to −1.77)0.66
Alcohol consumption (mg/week)476.7 (462.0–666.0)490 (474.0–616.0)0.22312 (306.3–654.5)378 (329.0–490.0)0.12
  • The χ2 test was applied to categorical variables and t-testwas applied to continuous variables. Categorical variables are expressed as percentage (n). Continuous variables are expressed as median (IQR).

  • Alb, albumin; ALT, alanine aminotransferase; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; BMI, body mass index; GGT, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase; HbA1c, haemoglobin A1c; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; NAFLD, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.