Table 3

Standardised incidence ratios with 95% CIs of cancer diagnosed among 888 patients with venous thromboembolism and liver cirrhosis

0–90 days91–365 days1+ yearsOverall
OSIR (95% CI)OSIR (95% CI)OSIR (95% CI)OSIR (95% CI)
All patients2313.11 (8.31 to 19.67)153.52 (1.97 to 5.81)501.95 (1.45 to 2.57)882.78 (2.23 to 3.42)
Type of VTE
 SVT012.51 (0.06 to 13.99)83.02 (1.30 to 5.96)92.83 (1.30 to 5.38)
 DVT1311.86 (6.31 to 20.28)124.30 (2.22 to 7.52)311.69 (1.15 to 2.40)562.52 (1.90 to 3.27)
 PE1019.17 (9.18 to 35.26)21.87 (0.23 to 6.75)112.35 (1.17 to 4.21)233.67 (2.33 to 5.51)
Gender
 Male1615.78 (9.02 to 25.63)93.73 (1.71 to 7.09)342.22 (1.54 to 3.10)593.15 (2.40 to 4.06)
 Female79.44 (3.79 to 19.46)63.25 (1.19 to 7.09)161.55 (0.88 to 2.51)292.24 (1.50 to 3.22)
Age (years)
 <60616.56 (6.08 to 36.11)22.01 (0.24 to 7.25)262.31 (1.51 to 3.39)342.70 (1.87 to 3.77)
 60+1712.21 (7.11 to 19.55)133.99 (2.12 to 6.82)241.66 (1.07 to 2.48)542.83 (2.13 to 3.69)
Period of VTE diagnosis
 1980–19931121.36 (10.65 to 38.22)54.44 (1.44 to 10.34)181.77 (1.05 to 2.79)342.87 (1.99 to 4.02)
 1994–2010129.68 (5.00–16.91)103.19 (1.53 to 5.88)322.07 (1.41 to 2.92)542.72 (2.04 to 3.55)
Alcoholism-related disease
 Yes913.99 (6.41 to 26.58)21.23 (0.15 to 4.43)2.01 (1.23 to 3.10)312.53 (1.72 to 3.60)
 No1412.60 (6.88 to 21.14)134.95 (2.63 to 8.46)301.91 (1.29 to 2.73)572.93 (2.22 to 3.80)
Risk factors for VTE*
 Absent1416.49 (9.01 to 27.68)73.33 (1.33 to 6.85)282.14 (1.42 to 3.09)493.05 (2.26 to 4.03)
 Present99.93 (4.55 to 18.87)83.72 (1.60 to 7.32)221.75 (1.10 to 2.65)392.50 (1.78 to 3.41)
  • *Patients with at least one of the following conditions: fracture, trauma, surgery, childbirth or pregnancy diagnosed in the 90 days before VTE admission or a previous hospital diagnosis of obesity, inflammatory bowel disease or psychiatric disorder (as a marker of antipsychotic drug use) at any time before or during the hospital contact for VTE.

  • DVT, deep vein thrombosis; O, observed; PE, pulmonary embolism; SIR, standardised incidence ratio; SVT, superficial venous thrombosis VTE, venous thromboembolism.