Table 1

Characteristics of patients with venous thromboembolism and liver disease

VariablePatients with non-cirrhotic liver disease and VTE
Patients with liver cirrhosis and VTE
Median age, years5362
 Superficial venous thrombosis5057
 Deep vein thrombosis4959
 Pulmonary embolism6367
Median follow-up time (IQR), years4.20 (1.30–8.40)1.28 (0.09–4.32)
Person-years at risk, total10 5392794
Male, n (%)1027 (55)519 (58)
Type of VTE, n (%)
 Superficial venous thrombosis149 (8)68 (8)
 Deep vein thrombosis1183 (63)477 (54)
 Pulmonary embolism535 (29)343 (39)
Period of VTE diagnosis, n (%)
 1980–1993366 (20)335 (38)
 1994–20101501 (80)553 (62)
Risk factors for VTE*, n (%)
 Absent776 (42)424 (48)
 Present1091 (58)466 (52)
Alcoholism-related disease, n (%)421 (23)388 (44)
  • *Patients with at least one of the following conditions: fracture, trauma, surgery, childbirth or pregnancy diagnosed in the 90 days before VTE admission or a previous hospital diagnosis of obesity, inflammatory bowel disease or psychiatric disorder (as a marker of antipsychotic drug use) at any time before or during the hospital contact for VTE.

  • VTE, venous thromboembolism.